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What programming languages do applications write in?

Android Studio is an integrated development environment for those who want to develop applications for Android. One word of warning: Java needs to be installed on your computer when using Android Studio. This involves installing the Java Development Kit if it is not installed. This interprets the written code and then continues to compile it so that the processor understands it.

Android Studio has many tutorials and documentation. It also gives access to the largest libraries in programming languages along with free code. This makes life easier for coders by offering services such as:

  • Visual designer;
  • Suggestions as they go along;
  • Powerful and advanced functions;
  • Access to cloud storage.

Choosing the Right Programming Language

Learning a programming and coding language is challenging. There's no getting away from that fact. The choice of the most appropriate language will depend on the type of Android application you are developing.

For example, if you were developing an Android application with 3D graphics or a first-person shooter game, Unity and C# would be a great choice of programming language.

When developing a very simple application that would rely on the accelerometer or camera of a tablet or phone, it would be possible to work with PhoneGap. It all depends on the type of application.

The most popular programming languages in the field of Android application development are:

  • Java – The most popular choice for Android application development, plus it has support for Android Studio;
  • BASIC;
  • C/C++;
  • C# – Unity support for game development;
  • Corona/LUA – cross-platform tool;
  • Kotlin – Similar to Java, but easier to use;
  • PhoneGap includes JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.

If you're new to coding and programming languages, you may scratch your head and furrow your eyebrows at the mention of the above names. Yes, they are all names of the coding language used to develop Android applications.

That doesn't mean you have to learn them all inside out before you choose which language to use. My point is that you need to read briefly about them before you go ahead and make your choice. You may want the game to be compatible with the Unity game engine. The game or app you create will largely depend on the language you choose.

Here's more information about the different programming languages, as well as the pros and cons of each.


The Java language is the most popular and official language for developing applications for Android. The vast majority of mobile applications available in the PlayStore are developed using this language. The Java language is supported by Google and was the original reason for its popularity.


Java is not very simple for beginners and requires experience in this language to create complex mobile applications and manage the application development process. But there is always online support for Java, so beginners or even experienced developers can ask for help when they are puzzled by some code or any problem. There are so many interesting things in Java like constructors, parallelism, null pointer exclusion, etc.


Kotlin is a statically typed programming language for the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and JavaScript. Described as a general-purpose language, Kotlin introduces functionality to support Java interoperability. The Kotlin project was born out of a desire to increase productivity. The goal was to improve the coding experience in a way that was practical and efficient.


Central to Kotlin is the creation of mixed language projects. Kotlin also introduces improved syntax, as well as short expressions and abstractions. Using Kotlin with Java reduces redundant boilerplate code, which is a huge win for Android developers.

Accessibility across all platforms has always been Kotlin's primary goal, but multi-platform programming is just a prerequisite for a much more innovative worldview: sharing code across all platforms. With the release of Kotlin 1.3, improvements to Kotlin/Native promote the concept of multi-platform convenience. Finally, Android developers can use one integrated development environment (IDE) to develop with Kotlin on all platforms.

The latest version makes mobile app scalability more achievable by supporting the invaluable benefit of code reuse, saving time and effort for more complex tasks.

Kotlin/Native uses LLMV compiler technology to compile Kotlin source code into standalone binaries for multiple operating systems and processor architectures such as iOS, Linux, Windows, Mac, and Webassembly.

In 2019, more business executives are migrating to Kotlin or planning to do so. Mobile products like Pinterest, Twitter, Netflix, Uber, AirBnB, Trello, and Evernote are moving to Kotlin for Android apps. While the adoption of Kotlin's cross-platform development hasn't been explosive, major industry players are noticing the many benefits that Kotlin has to offer.

Is this the end of Java?

The opinions of the developers are mixed. Java is an authoritative programming language with extensive open source tools and libraries that help developers. With that said, no language is unmistakable, and even Java is prone to complications that can make a developer's job tedious. If anything, Kotlin presents solutions to common programming problems and improves the Java ecosystem as a whole.


Kotlin and java

In two years, Kotlin has become a more stable and suitable development option for Android Studio. Some developers seem to believe that Kotlin will supplant Java for Android development in the coming years. Other experts believe that Kotlin and Java coexist without outweighing each other.

For most, Kotlin's strengths outweigh the language's flaws. There are certain limitations in Java that prevent the development of the Android API. Kotlin is inherently lightweight, clean, and much less verbose, especially in terms of writing callbacks, data classes, and getters/setters. In other words, Kotlin is specifically designed to enhance existing Java models by offering solutions to API design flaws.

One of the main advantages of Kotlin over Java is its brevity. Many developers praise Kotlin for its brevity. This aspect is unknown to Java; however, readability should always take precedence over brevity. Yes, kotlin's concise nature simplifies the developer's work and reduces the risk of error. Boilerplate code is a problem to read and leads to more errors and a waste of time to identify them.

C#. Open Source C Language #


C# is an open-source, multi-paradigm language used to develop Android, desktop and web applications.

This language follows strong programming disciplines such as declarative, universal, functional, object-oriented, lexically constrained, component-oriented, imperative concepts.


It is very similar to the Java language and is considered ideal for android mobile application development. There is less chance of a memory leak because it implements garbage collection in the same way that Java does. C# facilitates coding with its clean and simple syntax, which is easily understood by all developers. C# offers a wide range of tools for individual Android development and is considered one of the most versatile programming languages.


C++ is a cross-platform programming language that can be used to create great mobile and desktop applications with high performance. This universal high-level language was introduced as an extended version of the C programming language. This gives developers full control over the memory and resources of the system.


You need your own set of software, known as the NDK, for code written in C++ to work in AndroidStudio. To develop Android applications, you can use the libraries available for this language. If you use C++ correctly, using all the features available in this language, it can lead to a successful and attractive iPhone application development company.