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Vim Command: Instruction

The most frequent question that users are interested in is how to exit vim? First, let's see what it is. Vim is a chic editor that has gained its popularity thanks to quick "hot" keys. Because of the unusual interface, not only beginners, but also programmers with experience are wondering how to close the program.

Vim command

The first and easiest way to exit vim is to press the Esc key. This will allow you to exit editor mode. Next, we advise you to clamp:

  • :q – finish your work in the editor;
  • :q! – finish the work without saving the document;
  • :wq – Close and save.

After entering, you need to press Enter, thereby confirming your actions.

You can also use the following operations to close:

  • Esc + : x + Enter (the key combination will help to exit and save);
  • Esc + :qa + Enter (close all files that have been opened);
  • Esc + Shift ZZ (exit and save);
  • Esc + Shift ZQ (exit).

In order to open the necessary file for editing, it is necessary to specify it, if this is not done, then just an empty file will be opened. The program has some commands that are worth considering in more detail.

  • +No — after launching with the mouse, go to the necessary line;
  • +/template – find the necessary data in the template, and then mouse over to the beginning of the input;
  • "+command" – execute it immediately after launch;
  • b – binary mode, for working with running files;
  • d – search for differences between the two designated files;
  • g – graphic editor;
  • n – disable autosave mode;
  • R – view mode;
  • w – auto save;
  • x – impose encryption;
  • C – Configure compatibility mode.

Working with the VIM text editor, you can reproduce various word substitutions by text using "keyboard shortcuts". The first thing that is very convenient to use is the arrows for movement (top - bottom, left - right). There are also other teams carrying the next series of commands.

  • |, 0, home — go to the beginning;
  • ^ is a non-empty symbol;
  • $, end — to come to an end;
  • m — come to the center of the screen;
  • g — go down;
  • e to the end of the word;
  • — — go to the line above, where there is no empty character;
  • { — previous paragraph;
  • } — next paragraph;
  • :ju is the Jump List.

To exit vim, you should not use the usual keyboard shortcuts Ctrl+S/Ctrl+X. In this case, they are powerless and will not work. Work in this way becomes very easy to perform, it will help to quickly move through the text and introduce your own adjustments into it.

You can easily move from one test to another without removing your fingers from the keyboard.

Different ways to manage vim

 

With the help of the VIM text editor, you can reproduce various operations with the text to edit it. The only "minus" of the editor can be considered that he does not have intuition. The application has three modes of operation that are available to any user:

  • visualization mode;
  • command;
  • work with the editor.

A frequent problem for the user is the question: "How to exit the vim editor in windows?". Since the interface of the site is made in this way, one hundred to close the program yourself, the usual way will not work. Above in the article, the key combinations for making an exit with a variety of options were indicated.

Exiting vim can be done in different ways, for example, by saving a file that has been edited or not. To close the program and save all the data you need to press the key combination Esc + : x + Enter.

To simply close without saving the edit file, you need to press the following key combination Esc + Shift ZQ.

Quick editing from vim is a great opportunity to bring the text quickly into the form we need. To do this, you need to be able to use the "shortcut" keys:

  • Del, x — deletion;
  • u, :u — go back to the action;
  • U — cancel all previous actions;
  • ~ — transition to upper or lower case;
  • C and D — delete a specific segment of text;
  • dd — cut the line;
  • yy — copy;
  • p — insert;
  • << — move to the left;
  • >> — go to the right;
  • J is an aggregation.

For convenience, in front of any key, you can clamp the desired digit, and then the operation will be performed the number of times you need.

Command mode will allow you to navigate through the text in the editorial office and work with it using the letter keys. When you start and start the program, this mode starts automatically. With it, it is very convenient to conduct some commands several times in a row. The following keys will help you in quick work:

  • h – to the left of the line;
  • l – to the right of the line;
  • j – down on the line;
  • k – up the line;
  • w — to the word to the right;
  • b — to the word to the left;
  • H – drop to the bottom of the screen;
  • G — to come to the end of the document.

It is not so difficult to search and replace in the program if you know what actions to apply. The :substitute command performs the same actions we need.

When you start the program, do not forget to specify the files with which you plan to work, and set the necessary parameters.

In order to use the clipboard, you need to consider some rules when working with it. Select the text in the visual mode (v, V, C-v) and copy with the command "+y (alternately click", +, y). If you are hindered by line numbers, you can temporarily disable them (:set nonumber).

Often vim is used as an editor when working with English-language files. This is very convenient, because the program supports a large number of languages, and new versions are now arranged in such a way that you do not have to constantly switch.

Working with text

 

Exiting vim is possible in a variety of ways. Perhaps this is slightly unfamiliar to new users, but with the acquisition of experience it becomes very convenient. Beginners are wondering: "How to use vim commands to save a file and exit?".

The answer to this question will be keyboard shortcuts, pressing a certain combination, the program will close, and the file will be automatically saved.

In this resource, you can work with existing files and create new documents. At the same time, several documents can be involved in the work, which is very convenient when copying, for example.

The Russian-language keyboard layout is very convenient to operate. And using it, you can quickly edit or create a file. The editor is very convenient when working with large files, it will significantly save your time and effort. When creating or editing, don't forget to set the settings you need.

 

It is better to do this immediately, so that later you do not modify the text and quickly see the finished result. When working with several files, it is enough just to specify the name of the file and take from there the data necessary for us.

Exit the vim by saving the file beforehand, or do it directly when you close the program.

If you're a new user, familiarize yourself with keyboard shortcuts before you get started. Gaining experience in editing texts through this resource, each time it will be easier to work. And this suggests that in the same period of time you will be able to process a large amount of data.

In case of any malfunctions of the program itself, please contact technical support, there you will be helped to fix everything.